Ayurveda is a 5000-year-old medical science, with its roots in the Vedas from the Ancient India. The knowledge of Ayurveda has been passed on in the form of compilation of sutras by several ancient intellectuals.
This science emphasizes the dynamics between body, mind and spirit. According to Ayurveda, every individual is unique, and the treatment regimen should be curated according to the person’s constitution and their medical condition. It also stresses upon prevention rather than reaction. The Ayurvedic constitutions were formulated considering the five basic elements- air, space, water, fire and earth.
Based on this, there are 3 basic constitutions or doshas- vata, pitta and kapha. According to Ayurveda, each individual has a combination of these doshas, which is unique to that individual. This unique, innate quality of the individual is referred to as the Prakriti of that person.
Ayurveda also emphasizes the interplay of external factors, like aging, nutrition, lifestyle, stress and disease on an individual’s health. This influence of the external factors is referred to as Vikruti.
Food and lifestyle play a major role in Ayurvedic treatment protocols. These regimens are curated for everyone based on their constitution, seasonal variations and medical conditions.
In the western world, there are now several universities which offer courses with an integrative approach combining principles of Ayurveda to modern medicine. Combining the ayurvedic principles of lifestyle based on prakriti with the latest medical developments including genomics provides a powerful tool to the physician’s arsenal. It is a holistic and personalized treatment approach, providing the best of both worlds to the patient.